Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.
- Adult Parole Officer
- Adult Probation Officer
- Attendance Officer
- Certified Juvenile Probation Officer
- Chief Juvenile Probation Officer (CJPO)
- Classification Case Manager
- Classification Officer
- Correctional Case Manager
- Correctional Casework Specialist
- Correctional Counselor
- Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans.
- Recommend remedial action or initiate court action in response to noncompliance with terms of probation or parole.
- Administer drug and alcohol tests, including random drug screens of offenders, to verify compliance with substance abuse treatment programs.
- Prepare and maintain case folder for each assigned inmate or offender.
- Discuss with offenders how such issues as drug and alcohol abuse and anger management problems might have played roles in their criminal behavior.
- Conduct prehearing and presentencing investigations and testify in court regarding offenders' backgrounds and recommended sentences and sentencing conditions.
- Inform offenders or inmates of requirements of conditional release, such as office visits, restitution payments, or educational and employment stipulations.
- Write reports describing offenders' progress.
- Arrange for medical, mental health, or substance abuse treatment services according to individual needs or court orders.
- Supervise people on community-based sentences, such as electronically monitored home detention, and provide field supervision of probationers by conducting curfew checks or visits to home, work, or school.
People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: SEC.
This means people who work in this occupation generally have Social interests, but also prefer Enterprising and Conventional environments.
People who work in this occupation generally prize Support, but also value Relationships and Working Conditions in their jobs.
- Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
In 2012, the average annual wage in California was $75,370.00 with most people making between $50,460.00 and $100,950.00
During 2010, this occupation employed approximately 12,900 people in California. It is projected that there will be 15,100 employed in 2020.
This occupation will have about 220 openings due to growth and about 280 replacement openings for approximately 500 total annual openings.
- Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers
- Human Resources Specialists
- Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors
- Healthcare Social Workers
- Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators
- Medical Assistants
- Speech-Language Pathology Assistants
- Residential Advisors
- Patient Representatives
- Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs
collegeCalifornia State University-Fresno
onetChild, Family, and School Social Workers
collegeCalifornia State University-Long Beach
majorCriminal Justice/Police Science
majorCriminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration
collegeCalifornia State University-Los Angeles
onetEducational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors
collegeUniversity of Southern California
onetSocial and Human Service Assistants
onetCriminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary