Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

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About the Job

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements.

It is also Called

  • Workforce Advisor
  • Workers' Compensation Magistrate
  • Workers' Compensation Hearings Officer
  • Workers' Compensation Commissioner
  • Workers' Compensation Claims Examiner
  • Veteran Appeals Reviewer
  • US Administrative Law Judge (United States Administrative Law Judge)
  • Unemployment Claims Adjudicator
  • Traffic Court Referee
  • Surrogate
View All

What They Do

  • Conduct studies of appeals procedures in field agencies to ensure adherence to legal requirements and to facilitate determination of cases.
  • Authorize payment of valid claims and determine method of payment.
  • Explain to claimants how they can appeal rulings that go against them.
  • Issue subpoenas and administer oaths in preparation for formal hearings.
  • Confer with individuals or organizations involved in cases to obtain relevant information.
  • Rule on exceptions, motions, and admissibility of evidence.
  • Recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or compromise settlements according to laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions.
  • Review and evaluate data on documents, such as claim applications, birth or death certificates, or physician or employer records.
  • Conduct hearings to review and decide claims regarding issues such as social program eligibility, environmental protection, or enforcement of health and safety regulations.
  • Research and analyze laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions to prepare for hearings and to determine conclusions.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: EIS.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Enterprising interests, but also prefer Investigative and Social environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Achievement, but also value Recognition and Working Conditions in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Preparation Required

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Wages

In 2017, the average annual wage in California was $126,770 with most people making between $68,840 and $172,110

Outlook

0.62%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 1,600 people in California. It is projected that there will be 1,700 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 10 openings due to growth and about 20 replacement openings for approximately 30 total annual openings.

Industries that Employ this Occupation

Industry breakdown is not available for this occupation