Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists

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About the Job

Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services.

It is also Called

  • Wig Stylist
  • Wig Dresser
  • Wedding Makeup Artist
  • Trichologist
  • Stylist
  • Salon Stylist
  • Salon Manager
  • Salon Designer
  • Salon Customer Experience Specialist
  • Mortuary Beautician
show all

What They Do

  • Attach wigs or hairpieces to model heads and dress wigs and hairpieces according to instructions, samples, sketches or photographs.
  • Give facials to patrons, using special compounds, such as lotions and creams.
  • Apply artificial fingernails.
  • Clean, shape, and polish fingernails and toenails, using files and nail polish.
  • Recommend and explain the use of cosmetics, lotions, and creams to soften and lubricate skin and enhance and restore natural appearance.
  • Administer therapeutic medication and advise patron to seek medical treatment for chronic or contagious scalp conditions.
  • Massage and treat scalp for hygienic and remedial purposes, using hands, fingers, or vibrating equipment.
  • Train or supervise other hairstylists, hairdressers and assistants.
  • Shave, trim, and shape beards and moustaches.
  • Shape eyebrows and remove facial hair, using depilatory cream, tweezers, electrolysis or wax.

Interests

People who work in this occupation generally have the interest code: AES.

This means people who work in this occupation generally have Artistic interests, but also prefer Enterprising and Social environments.

Work Values

People who work in this occupation generally prize Relationships, but also value Independence and Achievement in their jobs.

Things They Need to Know

  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Things They Need to Be Able to Do

  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Additional Resources


Preparation Required

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

Wages

In 2016, the average annual wage in California was $31,130 with most people making between $20,810 and $49,300

Outlook

1.87%
avg. annual growth

During 2014, this occupation employed approximately 44,400 people in California. It is projected that there will be 52,700 employed in 2024.

This occupation will have about 830 openings due to growth and about 1,140 replacement openings for approximately 1,970 total annual openings.